Politics

In India, Being Hindu is Paramount For Identifying as Truly Indian, Reveals Study

A recent study by the Pew Research Center led to the revelation that Hindus outnumber members of other religious groups to combine Indian and Hindu identities.

The survey of nearly 30,000 Indian adults, conducted after the BJP’s victory in the 2019 parliamentary elections and before the onset of the Govt-19 epidemic, sought to gauge the dimensions of Hindu nationalism by asking people how important certain attributes or behaviors are to ‘real’ Indians. Identification.

According to the report’s findings, nearly two-thirds of Hindus and 64% of Hindus say that it is more important to be a real Indian than 27% say that it is more important to be a real Indian than a Muslim.

Hindus who combine their identity with their national identity also tend to associate the Hindi language with Indians, research has found. As a result, the majority of Hindus (59%) believe that speaking Hindi is really important for speaking Hindi.

In all studies 51% of Hindus and 36% of Jains have stated that being a Hindu and speaking Hindi is very important to be a true Indian. At the same time, 25% of Buddhists, 23% of Muslims, 18% of Sikhs, and 15% of Christians do not agree with the above view.

Even among Hindus living in different parts of the country, there are differences in thought processes. It can be said that it is very important that Hindus in the Northern (69%) and Central (83%) regions are truly Indian, while Hindus in the South (42%) and Northeast (39%) express a weak connection between national and religious identities. Similarly, it can be said that speaking Hindi is very important for Hindus in the Northern (71%) and Central (87%) regions to be truly Indian.

Other factors, such as college degree and political affiliation, also affect how a person defines his or her national identity. Half (53%) of Hindu college graduates are Hindus, compared to two-thirds (65%) of other Hindus.

Similarly, it was found that support for the BJP, which is a party that promotes the agenda of Hindutva, is considerably higher among those who say that being a Hindu and speaking Hindi is more important than being a real Indian.

Six out of ten Hindu voters who give more importance to these two traits claim to have voted for the BJP in the 2019 parliamentary elections. By comparison, it was found that 33% of those who said they could not speak Hindi and not Hindu for national identity voted for the party.

As a result, the study speculates that Hindus who have expressed this mix of Hindu nationalist positions are also more inclined to support a religiously divided India.

Contrary to the above definitions of national identity, the majority of Indians in all major religions generally consider respect for elders, respect for all religions and respect for the institutions and laws of the country as the most important for each individual to be a true Indian.

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